Australia has one of the highest rates of skin cancer in the world. Anyone can be at risk of developing skin cancer, though the risk increases as you get older. The majority of skin cancers in Australia are caused by exposure to UV radiation in sunlight.
Why does Australia have highest skin cancer rate?
Australia has one of the highest rates of skin cancer in the world. This is due largely to our climate, the fact that many of us have fair skin that isn’t really suited to such harsh conditions, our proximity to the equator (high UV levels) and our social attitudes and love for the outdoors.
How common is skin cancer in Australia?
Two in three Australians will be diagnosed with skin cancer by the age of 70. About 2,000 Australians die from skin cancer each year. Australia has one of the highest rates of skin cancer in the world.
What is the most common type of skin cancer in Australia?
Non-melanoma skin cancers, now called keratinocyte cancers, are the most common cancers in Australia, however most are not life-threatening. There are two main types: basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). BCC accounts for about 70% of non-melanoma skin cancers.
Why is UV index so high in Australia?
During summer, the Earth’s orbit brings Australia closer to the sun (as compared to Europe during its summer), resulting in an additional 7% solar UV intensity. Coupled with our clearer atmospheric conditions, this means that Australians are exposed to up to 15% more UV than Europeans.
What does skin cancer look like Australia?
Skin cancer symptoms
Look for: any crusty, non-healing sores. small lumps that are red, pale or pearly in colour. new spots, freckles or any moles changing in colour, thickness or shape over a period of weeks to months.
Where is melanoma most common?
In women, the legs are the most common site. Other common sites are the neck and face. Children can also develop melanoma. In 2021, an estimated 207,390 cases of melanoma will be diagnosed in the United States.
What’s the chance of getting skin cancer?
Overall, the lifetime risk of getting melanoma is about 2.6% (1 in 38) for whites, 0.1% (1 in 1,000) for Blacks, and 0.6% (1 in 167) for Hispanics. The risk for each person can be affected by a number of different factors, which are described in Risk Factors for Melanoma Skin Cancer.
What does melanoma look like Australia?
lots of moles with an irregular shape and uneven colour (dysplastic naevi) pale, fair or freckled skin, especially if it burns easily and doesn’t tan. light-coloured eyes (blue or green), and fair or red hair. a previous melanoma or other type of skin cancer.
Are skin cancers itchy?
Skin cancers often don’t cause bothersome symptoms until they have grown quite large. Then they may itch, bleed, or even hurt. But typically they can be seen or felt long before they reach this point.
What does non melanoma look like?
pale white or yellow flat areas that look like scars. raised and scaly red patches. small, smooth and shiny lumps that are pearly white, pink or red. a pink growth with raised edges and indents in the centre.
Does Australia have an ozone?
Despite strict control on these substances after the passing of the 1987 Montreal Protocol, Australia’s ozone still has a long road to recovery to reach its original levels. Full recovery of the ozone layer is not expected until at least the end of this century, if not well in to the next one.
Is the sun in Australia stronger?
The elliptical orbit of the Earth places the Southern Hemisphere closer to the sun during its summer months than the Northern Hemisphere during its summer. This means that the summer sun in Australia is 7 to 10 percent stronger than similar latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere.
Where is the lowest UV in Australia?
It can be seen from the data that Adelaide, Melbourne, and Canberra have the same UV indexes at 6, whereas the tropical areas such as Darwin have much higher UV indexes. The city with lowest average UV index is Hobart at 5, which is known as being a moderate level.